The candlestick indicator is is one of the simplest and most effective methods of technical analysis for currency trading as well as stock trading. While there are other types of charts available including line and bar charts, the candle patterns are the most popular.

History Of Candlestick Charts

This type of price tracking chart was developed in Japan in the 18th century and that is why you will sometimes see them referred to as Japanese candlestick charts. It also explains why many of the common recognized patterns have Japanese names such as doji and marubozu.

The charts are believed to have been invented or at any rate used by the very successful Japanese commodity trader Mr. Homma who mainly profited from trading in the price of rice. Previously, simple line charts had been used to track commodity closing prices. Candlesticks gave traders a way of plotting more variables while staying within a two dimensional chart.

While bar charts can also plot the open, close, high and low, the advantage of candlesticks is their visual utility. Bullish and bearing periods are clearly visible at a glance.

Mr. Homma’s phenomenal success as a trader led other Japanese commodity traders to adopt his analysis tool and in the early 20th century it was introduced to the American stock market by Charles Dow, the founder of the Wall Street Journal and co-founder of the Dow Jones company.

What Is A Candlestick

A typical candlestick has a block that is the body of the candle, plus vertical lines known as shadows or wicks which stick up and down from the body. The top of the upper shadow is the highest price reached during the trading period and the bottom of the lower shadow is the low.

The top and bottom of the candle block mark the opening and closing prices in either order. The candle was originally unshaded (white) for a rising market where the open was the bottom of the candle and the close was the top, or shaded (black or green) for a falling market where the open was the top of the block and the close the bottom. You may now see other colors used, e.g. green or blue for a rising market and red for a fall.

In a case where there is some coinciding of prices and the open, close, high and low are not all different, the candle may look slightly different. Here are some examples:

Doji – period with an equal opening and closing price, looks like a cross.

Marubozu – period when the opening price was the low and the closing price was the high (white marubozu) or vice versa (black marubozu). Has a candle body block only, with no shadow sticks top or bottom.

Candlestick Analysis In Real Time Trading

Candlesticks can record any measured time period. Typically traders will use 5 or 15 minute candles with the resulting chart showing several hours, but it is possible to set your chart for a longer term or shorter term view. Patterns can be identified that indicate emerging trends or possible forthcoming breakouts. You can then compare with indicators or other time periods to check the signals.

Trading decisions in the live market often need to be made very fast. The colored blocks of candlestick analysis help traders to see movements and reversals at a glance and avoid mistakes.

Filed under: Forex Charts And Indicators

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